The correct name of Bill 148 is the Public Sector Sustainability (2015) Act. That name is hard to remember, so most people still call it Bill 148.
Bill 148 does two things:
- It imposes the government’s four-year fiscal framework on all public-sector employees, including teachers. (The most prominent part of the framework is wage increases of 0% in the first year, 0% in the second year, 1.0% in the third year, 1.5% in the fourth year, and another 0.5% at the end of the fourth year.)
- It forbids any arbitrator from making an award outside the fiscal framework. (Arbitration is a common process by which labour-relations disputes are decided if collective bargaining does not result in an agreement. An arbitrator is like a judge or referee. The two sides in the labour dispute present their arguments, and then the arbitrator makes a final decision.)
Once Bill 148 was proclaimed, it applied to everybody in the public sector, except teachers, who are governed by Bill 75.
Some people believe that Bill 148 is unconstitutional. If it is, then it cannot be enforced. The same constitutional question has been raised about Bill 75.